With shorter days ahead, DNREC’s Division of Fish & Wildlife reminds Delaware motorists, including 9-to-5 workers driving home at dusk, to be alert for deer crossing roadways. National statistics show that at least half of all deer-vehicle collisions occur during the last three months of the year, with the highest number of deer struck on the roadways in late October through mid-November.
State Farm Insurance recently reported that motorists made 5,816 deer/vehicle collision insurance claims in Delaware from July 1, 2018 through June 30, 2019, a 7.0 percent increase from the 5,435 during the same time period last year. Delaware ranks 26th this year out of the 50 states and the District of Columbia included in State Farm’s report on where deer-vehicle collisions are most likely to occur. Delaware is considered a medium-risk state with a 1-in-132 chance of a collision, compared to the national average of 1-in-146.
Attentive driving is the best way to avoid deer collisions. Keep these tips in mind, as suggested by the Delaware Office of Highway Safety, Delaware police agencies, auto insurance companies, and the Division of Fish & Wildlife:
• Turn headlights on at dawn and dusk and keep eyes on the road, scanning the sides of the road as well as what’s ahead.
• Switch to high beams when there is no oncoming traffic to better reflect the eyes of deer on or near the roadway.
• Always wear a seatbelt to reduce risk of injury in a collision.
• Avoid distractions that might take eyes off the road, even if only momentarily, such as cell phones, adjusting the radio, eating, or passenger activities.
• Watch for “Deer Crossing” signs that mark commonly traveled areas, and be aware that deer typically cross between areas of cover, such as woods or where roads divide agricultural fields from woods.
• If one sees a deer crossing the road ahead, slow down immediately and proceed with caution until past the crossing point. Deer usually travel in groups, so if there is one deer, there are likely to be others.
• Slow down and blow the horn with one long blast to frighten deer away. Do not rely on devices such as deer whistles, deer fences, and reflectors to deter deer, as these devices have not been proven to reduce deer-vehicle collisions.
• Do not swerve to miss a deer – brake and stay in the lane. Losing control of a vehicle, crossing into another lane, hitting an oncoming vehicle, or leaving the roadway and hitting another obstacle such as a tree or pole will likely be much more serious than hitting a deer.
• If one hits a deer, stop at the scene, get the car off the road if possible, and call police. Do not touch the animal or get too close; an injured deer may bite or kick, causing serious injury.
For more information about white-tailed deer in Delaware, contact the Division of Fish & Wildlife’s Wildlife Section at 302-739-9912.