Not the time for Delaware to consider offshore wind

September 15, 2023

Offshore wind developer Ørsted has delayed its New Jersey Ocean Wind 1 project to 2026. Previously, the company had announced construction of the project would begin in October 2023. The delay was attributed to supply chain issues, higher interest rates and a failure so far to garner enough tax credits from the federal government. For now, they are not walking away from all their U.S. projects, but they will reconsider long-term plans by the end of this year. Ørsted’s stock price fell 30% in five days. This is just the latest bad news for offshore win.

Ocean Wind 1 had one of the highest guaranteed prices among the 18 projects currently in the approval queue. The actual wholesale price guarantees for Ocean Wind 1 start at $98.10/MWh, rising 2% a year to $145.77. Over 20 years, revenue will average $126.47/MWh, according to the New Jersey Board of Public Utilities. Ørsted is seeking higher guarantees from the BPU and an increase in federal investment tax credits from 30% to 40%. Recognizing the potential financial problems, New Jersey’s largest public utility, Public Service Electric & Gas Company, sold its 25% share of the project to Ørsted in January.  

The company said it is reconfiguring Ocean Wind II in New Jersey and its Skipjack Wind project off the coasts of Maryland and Delaware because they do not currently meet their projected financial standards. The Maryland Public Service Commission guaranteed Skipjack Wind $146.42/MWh average over 20 years and also gets to keep revenue from sales to the regional grid. That’s five times higher than revenue expected from solar and onshore wind projects.

Meanwhile, projects off New York are asking for an average 48% increase in guaranteed prices that could add $880 billion a year to electric rates, or almost $18 billion over 20 years.

In North Carolina, the latest long-term energy plan from Duke Energy drops offshore wind entirely in favor of nuclear, solar and onshore wind. Furthermore, Duke has committed to only close any existing power plants once replacements are in operation, an idea that other states should follow. Two new offshore wind lease areas in the Gulf of Mexico failed to attract a bid. Vineyard Wind off Nantucket has begun construction, but it faces three unresolved lawsuits.

Wind turbine manufacturers are faring no better. Siemens Gamesa has announced almost $5 billion in 2023 losses from warranty repairs for turbines much smaller than those planned in the U.S. The stock price has dropped 30% since June.

A University of Delaware-recommended 800 megawatt project similar in size and the current guaranteed price to Skipjack 2 may raise Delaware residential electric prices by $400 to $545 per year and for businesses by the tens of thousands. A recent commentary published in local papers suggested Delaware subsidize five times that amount of capacity. This is not the time for Delaware to be considering offshore wind.

An online version of this letter at has links to sources for the statements made.

David T. Stevenson
Director, Center for Energy & Environment
Caesar Rodney Institute
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